The sprinkler irrigation sprinkler system
The sprinkler irrigation sprinkler system is one of the types of irrigation systems used in the fields and farms, especially in the desert areas, using different and varied sprinklers depending on the method of spraying or the modus operandi or depending on the extent of spraying mention the most popular methods used
Sprinkler irrigation methods of portable spraying sprinkler spraying by hand spraying: sprinkler irrigation is carried out by manually transporting sprays from one irrigation area to Another.
Portable sprinkler irrigation: Sprinkler irrigation is carried out by a powerful machine gun that pushes irrigation water to long distances.
Portable sprinkler irrigation by rolling dough. Permanent spraying irrigation with axial spraying: sprinkler irrigation is carried out by installing water sprinklers on the edges of the hoses that are hanging and close to the surface of the earth so that they are not affected by wind Intensity.
The advantages of sprinkler irrigation
Suitable for desert areas with high permeability sands, which lose irrigation water more quickly.
Suitable for non-surface land, such as: desert land for its ability to work without adjuster the Land. Do not sweep the soil as the irrigation system works by Immersion.
Don’t need a lot of workers.
It can be used to add fertilizers and pesticides to crops by adding them to irrigation water.
Water can be used from Artesian Wells. Not much water is consumed for irrigation, where the average irrigation efficiency is 75%. Reduces the risk of frost that gets at very low temperatures.
Easy installation and Use.
Normal axial spraying irrigation: sprinkler irrigation is carried out by installing high-level sprayers from the ground surface to precipitate water on a conical image that is Ground-based. Fixed sprinkler irrigation is carried out in fixed spraying irrigation by installing irrigation systems and distributing them according to the design of the garden or farm at suitable distances, usually in dimensions 9 × 9, 12 × 12, 15 × 15 or 18 × 18.
plants need irrigation to be able to grow properly, and the drip irrigation method is one of the main irrigation methods, through which the water is delivered to the plants in calculated quantities and slowly, in the form of dots, using small parts called drippers, using the method of irrigation Often drip to irrigate vegetable crops, forests, afforestation projects, Ornamental Bushes.
The components of the drip irrigation system are a master Controller: installed at the water source, consisting of pumps to pump water, a water purification unit before entering the system, and various measuring devices can be installed, such as: water pressure gauge meters, water drainage Meters. Pipe lines: PVC pipes or PE pipes are often used, where water is transported from the water source and the main control unit to the Drip hoses.
Drip hoses: usually made of PE polyethylene, where it contains anti-sunlight materials, and distributes these hoses above the surface of the earth, extending to the vicinity of plants or between them, and then installing the Hoppers on Them.
The hoppers are the final and important part of the drip system, where the water comes out in the form of drops with a regular discharge rate, and often manufactures plastic hoppers with high Durability.
The advantages of drip irrigation provide water significantly due to the moisturizing of the area of seed propagation, and the lack of evaporation processes that may occur for irrigation water.
Access to well-developed agricultural crops due to the constant availability of moisture at their roots, due to the length and frequency of irrigation, and this method protects the plant from agricultural pests as a result of the survival of the vegetative cover Java.
Disposal of excess salinity that may be formed in the soil through repeated irrigation process.
Facilitate the process of cultivation, since the area of separation between plants is not irrigated.
The possibility of providing fertilizers and pesticides at the same time as Irrigation.
Its suitability for areas with severe inclination, This method does not need to settle surfaces. Easy Maintenance. There is no need for underground drainage systems because there is no water leak.
Can be operated automatically through soil moisture Meters.